Plato (427 – 347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher from Athens, the most well-known Socrates’ student and Aristotle‘s teacher. His work has been preserved in its entirety in the form of philosophical dialogues. He has exerted a huge influence on ancient Greek philosophy and generally, on western philosophical tradition until today. He constitutes the main builder of philosophy, and the inspirer of the most important sociopolitical visions.
His main works are the “Apology of Socrates“, “Symposium“, “Protagoras” and “Republic“.
One of his most important achievements was the foundation of his Academy.
The Academy was founded in Athens around 387 BC by Plato after his first trip to Sicily. It was in a grove at the suburbs of Athens and the place was considered sacred because Theseus had hidden Helen there.
There were teaching several scientific fields in the Academy, including philosophy, mathematics, physics, and political science. At the entrance of the Academy, there was the phrase “Let None But Geometers Enter Here “, which means, no one who does not know Geometry could enter the Academy. Plato believed that geometry and mathematics were the only and safe way for someone to approach the World of Ideas and God.
Platonic philosophy had a dominant presence throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Modern Age, while Plato was considered to be the first of three generators of philosophy.
He died quietly at the age of 80.
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