Sophocles was a Greek tragic poet of the classical era. Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides are the three tragic poets whose completed works have saved. According to ancient testimonies it seems that he wrote about 123 works from which only seven tragedies have delivered integral.
He was born in Hippeios Colonus of Athens. He was son of Sophilos, a wealthy Athenian who had a knife factory and he was educated according to his economic situation. He received diligent education and developed harmoniously his physical and mental abilities. At the age of 15 he was the leader of the chorus of teenagers, who took part in the victory celebration for the battle of Salamis. He was closely associated with political and intellectual personalities of the time, such as Pericles, Socrates, Plato and he occupied various high positions in politics, religious cults and arts.
Sophocles recorded 123 tragedies, of which only 7 were saved integral, amongst them Antigone, Electra, Oedipus Tyrannous, Ajax and Oedipus at Colonus. At the heart of Sophocles’ works lies the person which comes to an inevitable, tragic and guilty conflict with the orderliness represented by the gods. Though particularly religious in his life, which affects his works also, Sophocles places the human in more important position than the gods.
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